1. The Lighthouse of Alexandria

One night in the fall of 280 BC, an Egyptian royal wedding ship sank on the reef when it entered Alexandria. The royal family on the ship and the bride from Europe on the ship were all buried in the water. This tragedy shocked the whole of Egypt. King Ptolemy II of Egypt ordered the construction of a navigation lighthouse at the entrance of the largest port. After 40 years of hard work, a majestic lighthouse stands at the eastern end of Fallows. It stands on a rocky reef what 7 meters away of the island and is known as the “Alexander Faros Lighthouse”. When the Alexandria Lighthouse was built, it deservedly became the tallest building in the world at a height of 400 feet. For 1500 years, the Alexandria Lighthouse has been always leaded the way for sailors in the dark. An Arab traveler wrote in his notes that “the lighthouse is built on three steps, at the top of it, reflecting sunlight in a mirror during the day and guiding the ship with fire at night.”

In the 14th century AD, a rare earthquake occurred in the city of Alexandria. The swaying earth destroyed the architectural wonders of this ancient world with great power. The loyal guard of the city of Alexandria, the crown of the city of Alexandria disappeared. After another century, the Egyptian King ordered to build a castle on the original site of the lighthouse for resisting foreign aggression, and named under his name. After the independence of Egypt, the castle was changed to the Naval Museum. In November 1996, a group of divers discovered the remains of the Alexandria Lighthouse in the depths of the Mediterranean.

  1. The Colossus of Rhodes

In 408 BC, Ialysos, Kamiros and Lindos united to form a region and have an unified capital: Rhodes. The capital city is well-developed and has strong economic ties with its important ally, Ptolemy I of Egypt. When the peace treaty was reached in 304 BC, Antioch I was removed from the island of Rhodes and abandoned a huge amount of military equipment. After the Rhodes sold the military equipment, they used the money to build a huge statue of their sun god Helios. It took 12 years to build this giant image, which was completed in 282 BC. The Colossus stood in the port for many years until a strong earthquake struck Rhodes Island in 226 BC. The city was severely damaged and the giant image began to break. In the past thousand years, the broken statue has been poured into the ruins.


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