At present, China’s processing trade enterprises are developing extremely rapidly due to our government’s policies and financial support, and China’s processing trade enterprises have gradually become an important pillar industry to promote China’s economic development.
The development of processing trade enterprises is conducive to solving the current employment problem of our people and promoting the transformation of China’s economic industry. In short, the development of processing trade industry is in line with the current direction of China’s economic development. In order to ensure the development of the processing trade industry, processing trade enterprises must have the sense of transformation and upgrading, only in this way can processing trade enterprises contribute to the economic development of China.
However, today, China’s processing trade industry in the transformation and upgrading of the time there are many problems, including low quality of labor, backward technology level, etc.. These problems faced in the process of transformation need to find a suitable path as well as countermeasures.
Analysis of the current problems affecting the transformation and upgrading of processing trade enterprises in China
1. Excessive number of low-quality labor force
China’s processing trade enterprises undertake the major task of absorbing a large amount of labor to relieve employment pressure, and a large number of labor with relatively low quality and ability have entered the trade enterprises to work. Before the transformation of processing industry, such labor force can promote the development of processing trade industry.
However, due to the rapid development of science and technology, many new manufacturing industries and high-tech industries have gradually become the mainstream of the processing trade industry. The requirements of such industries for talents and labor force are quite demanding, and the labor force of many processing trade enterprises can no longer meet the needs of enterprise development. High-quality talents with professional technical knowledge and operation ability are the direction of the demand for talents in processing trade enterprises nowadays.
2. Backward industrial technology level
In recent years, China’s processing trade enterprises have gradually developed into technology-based industries, and the technology intensity of China’s processing trade industry has been greatly enhanced. However, the overall technology level of China’s processing trade industry is still not comparable to that of countries with perfect industrialization in the international arena.
Nowadays, the backward technology in processing trade enterprises is difficult to produce products that meet the market requirements, which is not conducive to the long-term development of processing trade enterprises. Processing trade enterprises should recognize this point, and actively seek various effective strategies to solve the problem of the relative lack of technology level of processing trade enterprises, to make processing trade enterprises have a significant increase in the grade of products, only then can China’s processing trade enterprises have the prospect of development.
3. Lack of policy support
An important factor that affects the success of upgrading and transformation of processing trade enterprises in China is the policies promulgated by our government. The current taxation policy makes China’s processing trade enterprises reduce the domestic procurement rate.
Domestic processing trade enterprises often choose foreign imported materials for product processing, which is not conducive to the development of processing trade related industries. And the current protection of intellectual property rights in China is not high, which makes it difficult for many enterprises to carry out technological innovation, resulting in the implementation of branding strategy is extremely difficult.
Analysis of the path of transformation and upgrading of processing trade enterprises in China
1. Adjustment of industrial structure
When upgrading processing trade enterprises, we should focus on the adjustment of industrial structure.
First of all, the processing industry should be shifted from labor-intensive industries to technology-intensive industries, to increase the innovation of technology, and to improve the grade of products through various means.
Secondly, government departments should shift the policy support, focus on promoting the development of the service industry and agriculture, to make the technology content of China’s agricultural industry gradually increase, and to promote the export of agricultural products.
Finally, to promote the integration of the service industry and processing trade industry, to make China’s processing trade industry gradually become an industrial chain, so that China’s processing trade enterprises can develop in the long run.
2. The main body of business should be shifted from foreign enterprises to the form of both internal and external
Due to the continuous development of the economy, China’s foreign-funded enterprises gradually occupy the mainstream of the processing trade industry, the proportion of foreign-funded enterprises continue to rise, this foreign-funded enterprises as the dominant pattern, although the short period of time to improve the export value of the processing trade industry.
But from a long-term perspective, is not conducive to the long-term development of China’s processing trade industry, but also not conducive to China’s processing trade enterprises in the international trade industry status. If China’s domestic enterprises can not become the dominant processing trade industry in China will lead to China’s current gradually accumulated technology and industrial base can not be fully utilized to obtain revenue.
3. The products of processing trade enterprises should be gradually transformed into products with high quality
In order to make the current processing trade enterprises in China get long-term development, the products of processing trade enterprises must gradually become high-quality. Only
Only in this way can China’s processing trade industry be able to survive in the competitive international market, so China’s processing trade industry must carry out the work of improving the technical content of products, to implement the brand strategy. In the process of upgrading the technological content of products, we must fully improve the concept of environmental protection in the products, so that the processing trade enterprises produce products that meet the needs of the current era.
Analysis of countermeasures for the transformation and upgrading of processing trade enterprises in China
1. Focus on the training and introduction of talents
The current processing trade enterprises want to protect the transformation and upgrading of enterprises must establish a perfect talent training system to do a good job of introducing talent. In the actual process, processing trade enterprises should take the training of talents as one of the key tasks in the development of processing trade enterprises.
In the development of various forms of job training work, to train a large number of processing trade industry to meet the current upgrade and transformation of the work required by both technical skills and management capabilities of the talent. In addition to the establishment of a comprehensive talent training system, the leading departments of processing trade enterprises should also promote the exchange of talents with advanced enterprises at home and abroad, to develop a series of preferential treatment policies to attract a large number of talented people to work as enterprises, thereby helping China’s processing enterprises to transform and upgrade the work.
2. Optimize the environment for attracting investment, so that the production technology level of processing trade enterprises can be improved
In the process of improving production technology, the first thing that processing trade enterprises should do is to optimize their own attraction environment so as to attract a large amount of financial support, thus helping processing trade enterprises to improve their production technology level.
To improve the investment environment of processing trade enterprises, the first thing to do is to ensure the perfection of the enterprise’s infrastructure, which includes the enterprise’s transportation environment, communication environment, power environment and so on. When the enterprise gets the financial support, the leading department of the enterprise should put into practice the work of improving the technical level, and encourage the technical developers and production personnel to carry out bold technical innovation work, so as to guarantee the technical content of enterprise products.
3. Actively adjust the policy, so as to improve the domestic procurement rate of processing trade enterprises
Relevant government departments should implement export tax rebates for domestic procurement of processing trade exports, so as to improve the enthusiasm of material suppliers of domestic processing trade enterprises.
At the same time, the relevant government departments should adjust the policy to give tax preferences to processing trade enterprises using domestic processing materials, and also to give policy support to domestic supporting enterprises, and to help them carry out the research and development of enterprise products, while the relevant government departments should promulgate the product standard requirements for processing trade enterprises, and stipulate the technical requirements for processing trade enterprises when processing products, so as to promote The long-term development of processing trade industry.
To sum up, China’s processing trade industry is one of the most important industries in China, the development of a perfect processing trade industry is able to promote the continuous development of China’s economy.
Today’s era of rapid progress, which led to the need for China’s processing trade enterprises to transform and upgrade the work, only in this way can China’s processing trade enterprises to long-term development. Although China’s processing trade enterprises are currently facing many problems in the process of upgrading and transformation, but these problems will eventually be solved, China’s processing trade enterprises will eventually become the pillar industry to ensure the development of China’s economy.